Classics in Chemical Neuroscience: Diazepam Valium PMC

As a result, flunitrazepam is a well-studied drug in the U.S. (and in many places worldwide). Healthcare providers can test for it and treat people under its influence (see below under “What are the disadvantages, side effects and complications that are possible with benzodiazepines?”). Yes, benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed and see widespread use. In a 12-month period spanning 2014 and 2015, experts estimate that at least 30.5 million people in the U.S. took benzodiazepines prescribed by a healthcare provider. Do not start or stop seizure medication during pregnancy without your doctor’s advice. Diazepam may harm an unborn baby, but having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both mother and baby.

  1. Their relative safety compared to fellow depressants or barbiturates have increased the rate at which they are prescribed [25].
  2. If it fits, the neurotransmitter can activate a process within the cell (starting your car).
  3. Additionally, according to several studies, BZD use increases with age, with long-term usage most prevalent in the 65 and older population [16].
  4. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

While Schedule IV indicates that benzodiazepines have less potential to be misused compared to other types of controlled substances, benzodiazepines are still commonly misused drugs. Benzodiazepines are prescription-only depressants that produce relaxing effects by slowing down the central nervous system (CNS). They are often prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, and panic disorder.

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Overall rating for Diazepam (Valium)

You learn about the chemical structure of the drug and how it influences your brain the way it does. Therapy and support groups are also invaluable cornerstones of Valium addiction treatment. Treatments like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) help users understand the underlying reasons for their Valium addiction.

First marketedbenzodiazepines and the classical sedative hypnotics. Your physician may prescribe Valium just for a short period—generally just a few weeks or less—to treat manic symptoms in bipolar disorder. Valium can help people who need relief from anxiety, but it can also have side effects and risks you should understand before crack withdrawal symptoms timeline causes and treatment you begin taking this medication. It is thought that benzodiazepines work by enhancing the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. Diazepam should not be given to a child younger than 6 months old. Used in treatment of organophosphate poisoning and reduces the risk of seizure induced brain and cardiac damage.

How Valium Addiction Treatment Centers Can Help Those Who are Addicted

Certain factors play a role in the severity of withdrawal symptoms, such as dosage, duration of action of the BZD duration of treatment with the drug, and severity of psychiatric symptoms pre-treatment. Studies have shown that treatment for longer periods with high-dosage, applying buddhism in addiction recovery short-acting BZD contribute to more severe withdrawal effects [61]. Milder effects are seen with longer-acting BZD that are used for shorter periods [61]. Those who have never experienced withdrawal symptoms from BZD discontinuation could quit using BZD more easily [62].

What conditions do benzodiazepines treat?

Support groups and 12-step meetings can provide a constructive environment of people with the same goal. Valium addiction can be difficult to recognize for loved ones and even the addicted person. Valium is sometimes prescribed for up to 4 months, and an addiction may gradually develop during this time. Valium is especially dangerous when mixed with other central nervous system depressants like alcohol and Opioid painkillers.

This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Never use diazepam in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Tell your doctor if you feel an increased urge to use more of this medicine.

In some cases, Valium is used to treat people suffering from alcohol withdrawal. Once ingested, the drug acts as a depressant in the body, calming down the central nervous system (CNS) and relaxing the mind. GABA is the most common neurotransmitter in the CNS, and BZDs primarily work on the GABA-A receptor subunit [1]. The GABA-A receptor has various subunits, and the most important in this case is the alpha (A) submit unit.

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